Edward S. Curtis (1868-1952)

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Edward S. Curtis -   Plate 266 Nez Perce Babe border=
Title:
Plate 266 Nez Perce Babe
Date:
1900
Size:
Portfolio, 22 x 18 inches
Medium:
Vintage Photogravure
 
When traveling this familiar lifestyle necessity is found in many North American Indian tribes. While the papoose design is similar throughout the tribal culture, there are distinctions in constructions essential to its use.

This cradleboard back is very high, beyond where the head of the mother would be. Behind it is a wide strap and additional material. This papoose is designed to be strapped to a saddle., and the decoration is unique in the creativity of the mother.

The laced in baby is surrounded in layers of warmth as a few bands of the loosely organized tribe lived int mountainous areas of Oregon, Washington, Idaho and Montana.

From Volume 8, of The North American Indian, Edward Curtis describes this area in visual prose. “The lofty, forested mountains the source of numberless, clear perennial streams. Here and there are broad, undulating upland prairies, which once afforded the inhabitants a dependable, though laboriously gathered, supply of edible roots, and abundant forage for their horses. The lower courses of the streams flow through pleasant, narrow valleys completely shut in from the cold mountain winds, forming ideal spots for wintering. Deer, elk and mountain-sheep were obtained without great difficulty, and the rivers were alive with fish, particularly the salmon, which formed their principal food.”
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