Edward S. Curtis (1868-1952)

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Edward S. Curtis - An East Mesa Girl border=
An East Mesa Girl
Volume, 12.5 x 9.5 inches
Vintage Photogravure
This young Hopi maiden has her hair done in two twisted buns on either side of her head. This hairstyle indicates that she is unmarried. The subject is pictured in profile so one can take a close look at the interesting hair technique. This photogravure was taken by Edward Curtis in 1904, in the very beginning of his North American Indian project. It is now on display in our Aspen Art Gallery.

"The religious and ceremonial life of the Hopi centers in the kiva, which is simply a room, wholly or partly subterranean and entered by way of ladder through an opening in the flat roof...While the membership of the kiva consists principally of men and boys from certain clan or clans, there is no case in which all the members of a kiva belong to one clan - a condition inseparable from the provision that a man may change his kiva membership, and in fact made necessary by the existence of more clans than kivas. It is probable; nevertheless, that originally the kivas were clan institutions." - Edward S. Curtis
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