Edward S. Curtis (1868-1952)

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Edward S. Curtis - A Bowlder Milling - Stone - Miwok border=
Title:
A Bowlder Milling - Stone - Miwok
Date:
1924
Size:
Volume, 9.5 x 12.5 inches
Medium:
Vintage Photogravure
 
This image was photographed in 1924 by Edward Curtis. Displaying a boulder milling stone, important to food preparation in the Miwok tribe where many seeds and acorns were used for food.

“Acorns of every species were used in making mush and bread by the process heretofore described in this volume, but those of the black oak were preferred by the valley dwellers. Pinole was the parched and pulverized seeds of various grasses and other plants, the most prolific being tarweed, wild oats, and sunflowers. Other edible nuts were buckeyes, which were prepared in the same manner as acorns, sugar pine and digger pine nuts, and hazelnuts.

Roots of many kinds, especially camas and other liliaceous bulbs, were roasted in pits, and certain unidentified root-stocks were eaten raw. The subterranean stock of the tule was a fairly important article to the valley bands, and young clover and pea-vines were devoured in the fields with gusto.” From Edward S. Curtis' Volume 14
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