Edward S. Curtis (1868-1952)

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Edward S. Curtis - Plate 081 Jack Red Cloud border=
Title:
Plate 081 Jack Red Cloud
Date:
1907
Size:
Portfolio, 22 x 18 inches
Medium:
Vintage Photogravure
 
Born 1822. The subject of this portrait is the son of the Ogalala Chief, Red Cloud.

In 1868 Red Cloud was at the height of his powers. He’d just won the most significant treaty that the Indians had ever gained with the U.S. The 1868 treaty with the Sioux gave them the Black Hills “For as long at the rivers run and the sun shall shine.” The “Bloody Bozeman” trail and three forts were closed as a result. It was 1905 when, Curtis stopped to visit Red Cloud on the Pine Ridge Indian reservation, where he’d been forced to stay for the previous 30 years. Red Cloud, had held steadfastly to his principles. He had honored the treaty with the White Men, even though they had violated every part of it within a few years of its signing.
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